CPW hopes public can understand its efforts at Elkhead Reservoir
June 12, 2016
Despite the ire of a few local anglers, Colorado fishermen were having a ball on Elkhead Reservoir Saturday.
Saturday was day one of a nine-day tournament hosted by Colorado Parks and Wildlife to reduce smallmouth bass and northern pike populations in the reservoir.
The tournament is hosted by CPW, and it is offering over $6,000 in prizes, but the effort is part of the Upper Colorado River Endangered Fish Recovery program.
To prevent further federal involvement, the recovery program was formed in 1988 to provide endangered species act compliance and keep water development projects closer to the local level.
Three states — Colorado, Utah and Wyoming — along with a multitude of federal agencies and private organizations formed the recovery program to help improve fish populations of the endangered humpback chub, Colorado pikeminnow, razorback sucker and bonytail.
The program's actions are dictated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, but it still provides an important buffer between state and federal government.
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If the program fails and is dissolved, an individual who draws water from the Yampa River would have to justify their use and provide evidence that their use does not impact endangered fishes — a task the recovery program currently completes.
Sherman Hebein, CPW's senior aquatic biologist for the northwest region, said his organization is hosting the tournament at Elkhead and offering serious prizes because it is important to engage the public in the effort to control non-natives.
Elkhead Reservoir is home to nonnative northern pike and smallmouth bass, making it a popular fishery for anglers from across Colorado.
But the same nonnatives that attract anglers to the reservoir eat the four fish the recovery program is trying to save.
"The objective of this tournament is to suppress these fish, smallmouth bass and northern pike, to reduce the impact of those fish on the Yampa River," Hebein said.
Hebein said protecting these fish easily approaches philosophical debate but genetic diversity is an important thing to protect.
"A lot of people ask what's so important about these four fish species… don't they live somewhere else?" he said. "These fish don't live anywhere else… These fish are the true natives of the Colorado River Basin… If we don't recover them here, they won't be anywhere else."
Until humans have a better understanding of DNA and what makes us tick, it is crucial to preserve all iterations of life, Hebein said.
"Until we can figure that out, we really need to conserve the DNA of all these living organisms because we don't know how to make it," he said.
But some are still opposed to a tournament that would potentially reduce the fishery in Elkhead Reservoir.
Steve Smith, Craig local and longtime Elkhead angler, had a sign posted in protest of the tournament at the turn off to the launch ramp.
"This is one of the closest lakes that we can fish," he said. "It's been holding it's own for crappie or pike or bluegill but now they want to eliminate or lower the number of smallmouth or pike."
Despite their differences, Smith and CPW officials were able to interact with respect. Smith understands that CPW has objectives to complete and CPW officials understand Smith's passion for his hometown fishery.
Hebein said CPW is not out to kill the fishery, like many locals believe.
"We're here to turn this lake into a far better fishery but to do that we have to suppress the numbers of big predators," he said.
Hebein and CPW spokesman Mike Porras both said that without their efforts, Endangered Species Act compliance would be out the window and federal intrusion into local affairs would be even greater.
"Every water user would be compelled to deal with a Section 7 consultation with the (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) on how their use of water would not impact the endangered fish," he said. "That's a lot of work and a lot of paperwork and that's the reason behind why the recovery program has been such a valuable thing."
Out of all the anglers interviewed by the Craig Daily Press on Saturday, only one was from Craig, and a gentleman from the Denver area joined him
The rest of the fishermen were from Grand Junction, Eagle or Rifle.
The tournament ends on June 19 with daily prizes for smallest, biggest and most fish caught. Catching a fish with a tag enters anglers into a raffle for big prizes, with the top prize being a new boat.
"The sooner that we can recover the endangered fish, the sooner we can have some more freedom," said Hebein. "I'd like to encourage everyone to think about the recovery program and the value it has presented in everyone's lives. How can we get together, recover the fish and move on from there?"