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From Pipi’s Pasture: Getting those steps in

Recently, one of the evening news channels featured the findings of some experts on exercise. What I took from the report is that a person does not need to exercise (like walking) in one large block of time; small periods of exercise per day add up, too. I was happy to hear that, because I do quite a lot of walking during the day, mostly corral-related, so maybe all of it is beneficial to my health. Besides that, I usually carry a lot of stuff, too, which possibly makes my "workout" more challenging.

I don't have a way to keep track of my steps, so I tried counting them to and from the corral. However, the count wasn't really accurate, because there are too many variables involved, like having to backtrack if I forget something.

However, the steps I take each day generally add up as follows.

It begins in the morning, when I leave the house with a bucket containing a can of cat food and an empty can for measuring grain. The first stop is the carport, where I leave some cat food and measure out grain for the corral animals. Then, it's to the big double gates that lead into the hay/corral area.

By now, the cat Nuisance is walking in front of me, so close that I sometimes step on him. I'm not sure what effect the cat has on my "workout," but he surely is annoying. When I get to the corral, I have taken an estimated 357 steps.

At the corral, I make several trips up and down the corral fence line to put out grain and hay and check the large stock tank to make sure the calves haven't unplugged the tank heater — again — so that the water is frozen. Finally, there are more steps inside the corral to put out more hay and to break the ice on the unheated water tanks. Once the ice is broken, I gather it in a bucket and throw it on the growing ice pile. More steps.

Then, it's back to the house to get ready to put hay out to the main herd of cattle. Right now, we're feeding big bales off a trailer, so I get to ride. However, in years when we feed small bales, I walk over the feedlot, breaking bales and spreading out hay, which means more steps — lots more steps.

Sometimes after feeding, I walk to the corral again to check water and sometimes to even put water in the tanks. More steps, especially if I have to stop at the shop for hoses.

In the afternoon, I always do have to fill stock tanks. I gather up my bucket at the house and stop at the shop for a bucket of retractable hoses and a short piece of garden hose that has been keeping warm. Then, I follow the same route to the corral as in the morning, except now, I'm carrying two buckets full of stuff and have a hose over my shoulder — and Nuisance is walking in front of me. It surely feels like a workout, especially to keep from dropping the hose.

At the corral, the steps are about the same, except this time, there is a tank filling job to finish.

During calving season, there are lots of steps involved in checking cows at the corral and in the pasture, sometimes every couple of hours!

I'm surely glad that these little "spurts" of exercise are beneficial to my health.

Dry January: Why take a break from booze?

"Dryuary" or "Dry January" started in 2013 in the United Kingdom and is gaining popularity in the United States. Committing to 30 days of not drinking alcohol is an excellent way to reevaluate your relationship with booze. As you explore other ways to relax and experience life sober, you will be improving both your physical and mental health. Caution: Chronic, heavy, and daily drinkers may experience life-threatening withdrawal symptoms and should seek the advice of a medical professional before attempting an abstinence program.

The negative effects of alcohol use may include liver damage, increased risk of many cancers, disrupted sleep, lost productivity, and often, disrupted relationships. Alcohol use also causes memory problems and impaired judgment. Even moderate use of alcohol may worsen depression and anxiety and cause impulsive behaviors. Many people commit suicide while intoxicated. 

With fewer than 30 days of abstinence from alcohol, improved sleep is almost immediate. Healthier looking skin and weight loss are common. Increased energy, improved mental clarity, and less anxiety result in more productivity and better moods. The sense of achievement is a powerful motivator to increase other healthy habits. Hobbies such as reading, exercising, or arts and crafts become more enjoyable. Thirty days of sobriety also results in an improved immune system and better liver function, and most people maintain these benefits well beyond the 30 days.

Research shows that habitual drinkers are often unaware of how much they are drinking and may not know the definition of moderate drinking. The latest research as published in The Lancet (April 2018), suggests moderate drinking should not exceed five to six standard drinks per week or about one standard drink per day — but not daily drinking! Also, moderate drinking means limiting how fast you drink and, as a result, keeping your blood alcohol concentration below .055, which indicates that, no, you should not drink all five to six drinks on one day. In certain situations, no amount of alcohol is considered safe, such as during pregnancy, when taking certain medications, when it involves those younger than age 21, or when driving or operating dangerous machinery. 

A standard drink is equal to the following

• A 12-ounce beer with 5 percent alcohol.

• A 5-ounce glass of wine with 12.5 percent alcohol.

• 1.5 ounces of 80 proof liquor.

Dry 30 offers the opportunity to reset drinking habits toward moderation. Studies show that, after completing "Dryuary,” most people continued to drink less up to eight months later. There are many online sources for self-assessment and support during a Dry 30, including Rethinking Drinking, Moderation Management, moderatedrinking.com, dryuary.org, alcoholchange.org.UK, and SAMHSA.

If moderation is not possible, there may be evidence of alcohol addiction or dependence requiring professional help. Mind Springs Health offers individual assessment of alcohol use and many approaches to treatment, including individual and group therapy, as well as pharmacotherapy. Why wait? Give dry a try!

For more information, contact Mind Springs Health at mindspringshealth.org.

Mary Horn, MN, FNP-BC, PMHNP-BC, APN, is an advanced psychiatric nurse practitioner for Mind Springs Health and is committed to reducing the stigma of mental illness through community education. She can be reached at 970-920-5555. For more information about local mental health resources, mindspringshealth.org.

Over a Cup of Coffee: About the mayonnaise cake …

Last week's column featured a recipe for Chocolate Mayonnaise Cake. A few days later, Lois Stoffle, of Craig, called me with some cake-saving advice about the recipe. She said to make sure to check the ingredients/additives in the mayonnaise before making the cake. Some brands of mayonnaise contain onion and garlic, which can make the cake taste terrible.

I should have known. When I last made the cake, I used "regular" mayonnaise. Today, there are so many different kinds. Ironically, my brother, Duane Osborn, and I were talking about mayonnaise the day before Lois called me. He was using mayonnaise in a recipe and remarked that it sometimes contains olive oil, onions, garlic, and other ingredients. I rarely use mayonnaise and opt for Miracle Whip, instead. I just didn't think about the cake recipe.

Thanks, Lois! I hope this column reaches readers before anyone bakes the cake.

This has been a week for hearing from readers, and I love it! I also got a call from Lowell Anderson, who lives in Pennsylvania. He wanted to know how he could access the Craig Press. He visited Craig two years ago with a group of hunters from Pennsylvania and was the group's cook. While in Craig, he read "Over a Cup of Coffee" and sent me a recipe for "Cinnamon Roll Cake." It's a great recipe, and since it has been two years, I'm repeating it in this column. Enjoy!

Thanks, Lowell. I look forward to receiving other recipes from you.

Cinnamon Roll Cake

• 3 cups flour

• 1/4 teaspoon salt

• 1 cup sugar

• 4 teaspoons baking powder

• 1 1/2 cups milk

• 2 eggs

• 2 teaspoons vanilla

• 1/2 cup butter, melted

Topping:

• 1 cup butter, soft

• 1 cup brown sugar

• 2 tablespoons flour

• 1 tablespoon cinnamon

Glaze:

• 2 cups powdered sugar

• 5 tablespoons milk

• 1 teaspoon vanilla

Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Spray or oil inside of a 9-by-13-inch baking pan. Combine flour, sugar, salt, baking powder, milk, eggs, and vanilla. Once combined, slowly stir in melted butter, and pour mix into a prepared baking pan. For the topping, mix butter, brown sugar, flour, and cinnamon together until well combined and creamy. Drop evenly over the batter in the pan by tablespoonfuls, and use a butter knife to marble/swirl the mix through the batter. Bake at 350 degrees for 35 to 40 minutes until an inserted toothpick comes out clean. Whisk together the powdered sugar, milk, and vanilla, and drizzle evenly over the warm cake.

Courtesy of Lowell Anderson, Millersville, Pennsylvania.

Now it's your turn. If you have a recipe you would like to share with readers, please call me at 970-824-8809 or write to me at PO Box 415, Craig, CO 81626.

Across the Street: Colorado legislature working to improve education

During our monthly meeting, as the first week of the 72nd legislative session began, the State Board of Education walked across the street to attend the State of the State address, where Gov. Jared Polis reiterated his primary education related promise.

“Our top priority this session is empowering every single Colorado community to offer free, full-day kindergarten while expanding free preschool to 8,000 more Colorado children,” Colorado's new governor said.

The state already pays for kindergarten students to attend for half-day classes, and many school districts offer full-day kindergarten, using district funds and parent-paid tuition to fund the additional half day. If the state agrees to pay for free, full-day kindergarten for all kindergarten students in Colorado, the estimated cost will be an additional $250 million per year.

In the first week of the new session, 107 new bills were introduced, and 17 of these involved education. Of the 17, five were sponsored by Democrats, four by Republicans, and 8 bipartisan. From their introduction, the bills will pass through the Senate and House committees and to both the Senate and House Chambers before they become law. Many never get that far, but for now, legislators worked into the night to get their five bills written and submitted by the Jan. 10 deadline.

In addition to following all the legislative activity at the Capitol, the State Board of Education met for two days. One of our duties involved a vote to approve the monthly allocation of state funds to the 178 school districts in Colorado.

Under the public-school finance act of 1994 (Section 22-54-115, C.R.S.), the state board is responsible for determining the monthly amount of money each school district receives from the state. At our January meeting, we certified the December 2018 calculations and distribution. All districts and state distribution amounts were listed. The calculations for January through June will be certified at the February meeting. All information is available on the State Board of Education website.

Following are examples of the state distribution for districts in three counties I represent:

• Roaring Fork, with 5,524 students — $1,825,907.67.

• Garfield, with 1,163 students — $681,911.92.

• Meeker, with 700 students — $191,591.25.

• Rangely, with 483 students — $288,488.64.

• Moffat County, with 2,106 students — $595,107.88.

Throughout Colorado, the December distribution totaled $367,678,953.24.

In another vote, the state board approved a Charter School appeal for the SKIES Academy. The SKIES Academy Charter application was initially granted, but later revoked, by the Cherry Creek School District. The state board found this was not in the best interest of students, families, and the community and remanded the charter to go back to the local district to work together for a resolution. Charter SKIES Academy, based at Centennial Airport, will be a hands-on, project-based curriculum for sixth- through eighth-graders. It will focus on students desiring a possible career in aerospace engineering, piloting. and other aspects of aviation.

Thus we begin the first month of the 2019 Legislative Session and the first state board meeting of the new year.

Joyce Rankin represents Colorado's 3rd Congressional District on the State Board of Education. She writes the monthly column “Across the Street” to share with constituents in the 29 counties she represents. The Department of Education, where the State Board of Education meets, is located across the street from the State Capitol.

Living Well: Ear infections common, but shouldn’t be ignored

If your children have never had an ear infection, they're anomalies, because five out of six kids experience an ear infection by their 3rd birthday, according to the National Institutes of Health. Ear infections cause pain, often indicated by tugging on the ears, loss of appetite, irritability, fever, and other cold-like symptoms. If symptoms last more than a day, especially for a child younger than six months old, it's a good idea to call your doctor.

Ventilation of the middle ear is accomplished through the eustachian tubes, a pair of narrow tubes that run from the middle ear to high in the back of the throat. The eustachian tubes are narrower and more horizontal in children, which makes the natural process of healthy draining more difficult. Swelling, inflammation, and mucus in the eustachian tubes from an upper respiratory infection or allergy can cause the accumulation of fluids in the middle ear, which can become infected.

When your child has multiple ear infections in a year, your pediatrician might refer you to an ear, nose, and throat specialist. An ENT might recommend ear tubes, small tubes placed in the eardrum to allow air to enter the middle ear and prevent fluids from accumulating and usually remain in the ear for six to nine months. While the decision to place tubes in the ear is a big one, left untreated, chronic infections can cause hearing loss and affect speech development. Ear tubes may also help prevent or at least reduce recurring ear infections.

"We have firm criteria on when to place ear tubes, and I am a stickler on meeting those criteria. Sometimes, I advise waiting if we're coming out of the cold and flu season," said Dr. Robert McLean, ENT physician who sees both adults and children at Memorial Regional Health.

According to the Mayo Clinic, ear tube placement is relatively safe but does require general anesthesia and, of course, like any surgical procedure, has some risk. The tubes aren't permanent and usually fall out on their own.

Risk factors for children can include group child care, due to greater exposure to infections and cold; exposure to tobacco smoke or high levels of air pollution; and just the winter months, when colds and flu are more prevalent. Babies who drink from a bottle, especially when lying down, tend to have more ear infections than breast-fed babies.

While more common in children, adults can get ear infections, too. Symptoms can include dizziness or vertigo, nausea and vomiting, problems with balance, hearing loss, ear pain, and sometimes fever. Treatment can include antibiotics, or just time, if your physician thinks the infection is viral rather than bacterial.

Lance Scranton: Welcome to Scare City

We are studying the ideas of Thomas Malthus in class as part of our unit on philosophy. Self-confidence, happiness, the good life, hardship, and self-esteem are the topics students gain knowledge about from the likes of Socrates, Senneca, Epicurus, and Montaigne. Mathus offers a truly apocalyptic view of civilizations that collapse due to the demands of population and the scarcity of resources. Put simply, there are too many of us and not enough energy, land, or water to sustain life unless, as he wrote, something takes place to adjust resources or population.

The implications of his scholarly writing are popular today among the environmentalists and in "elite" institutions around the world that proclaim the exponential population increases on the planet spell doom for all of mankind. Their essential premise is that the planet is driving headlong into disaster due to a scarcity of resources. Check out The Constant Investor website under "charts" for some truly remarkable world population data.

Socrates was pontificating well before Malthus came on the scene, and the Greek philosopher might have taken issue with the scarcity theory and was fond of asking a few clarifying questions before simply "following the herd."

First, he would try and understand the difference between the ideologies of scarcity and abundance.

Energy is dependent on development, use, and technological advances that have made it clear during the past 10 years that scarcity may not be a pressing issue. Actual proven reserves of fossil fuel alone (this doesn't include the increasing technological advances in alternative sources of energy) could provide 367 years of energy, even if we began consuming twice as much. Check out the BP Statistical Review of World Energy for more information.

Water is a huge issue in Colorado, not only because of natural droughts, but also due to the complicated nature of water rights issues that amounts to a major volume of Colorado's water leaving the state. In the past few years, technological advances in desalination and high-rise agriculture, to name a few, have made it clear that water as a finite resource might not be as true today as we once thought.

Land has always been an issue, and for some people, the planet just seems to be getting smaller. But, long term trends in population are predicting a different future. By some estimates, 68 percent of humanity will live in urban centers by 2050, making land abundantly available. Sure, cities will have some thinking to do, but it is evident land scarcity won't be as big an issue as we once thought.

Socrates might ask if scarcity is a reality or an ideology and if the idea of abundance might be an attitude that could shape our future. Environmentalism is important, but does it always have to be about anti-growth?

Technology has rapidly expanded our understanding of how our resources can be managed and how emerging nations can benefit from an attitude of abundance.

Thomas Malthus and the philosophers were serious about their view of the world, and we should be, too. Maybe we can all, as my students keep saying, "just sit down and talk about this stuff without everybody getting all extreme all the time."

Good advice!

Lance Scranton is a teacher and coach at Moffat County High School.

Memorial Regional Heath: Patients who see primary care providers live longer — research shows primary care leads to prevention, better overall health

Editor's note: The following article is sponsored by Memorial Regional Health

Patients with access to primary health care have lower health care costs than those who don't, and they also live longer, healthier lives.

The American Academy of Family Physicians points toward research that shows better access to primary care physicians could prevent as many as 127,000 deaths per year. But what exactly is primary care and how do you know if you have it?

"Primary care includes health promotion, disease prevention, health maintenance, counseling, patient education, diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses in a variety of health care settings," according to the AAFP. "Primary care is performed and managed by a personal physician often collaborating with other health professionals and utilizing consultation or referral as appropriate."

This kind of attention to patients' care equates to better patient advocacy within the health care system and more cost-effective care, but it also requires patients to play an active role in their own health care.

Recommended screenings

Have you ever wondered whether you should be getting screenings for certain diseases? Sure, you could read some recommendations online, but health care needs vary from patient to patient. For example, a woman with no family history of breast cancer might be able to wait until age 40 before getting her first mammogram, while a woman with a family history or certain genetics might be advised to get one much sooner.

"Annual health checkups are an opportunity to be sure you are up to date on labs and screenings that are recommended for your demographic. Our hope is that we can prevent illness before it starts by doing annual screenings," said Tracey Wall, family medicine physician assistant at Memorial Regional Health, "or, begin treatment when a problem is small with small interventions and modifications instead of trying to fix something that has become a major issue."

Skipping regular screenings could mean missing detection of important issues, such as chronic illness, cancer, or other problems that can be reversed, prevented, or treated early.

"By skipping these visits, conditions may go unchecked and can worsen," Wall said.

Personalized care

Primary care doctors are specialists in family medicine, internal medicine, or pediatrics, but physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and others can also serve as primary care providers.

"These providers of primary care may meet the needs of specific patients," according to the AAFP. "They should provide these services in collaborative teams in which the ultimate responsibility for the patient resides with the primary care physician."

Wall said that, while providers might not remember every detail about a patient's health from year to year, it's still very helpful to not have to learn someone's medical history every year.

"Providers can't remember everything, but we can build relationships over time, and then your history is familiar to us," she said. "Every provider does things a little different, too, so sticking with one person can bring some continuity to your care."

Choosing a provider

It's important to choose a primary care provider you feel you can trust and connect with, Wall said. Patients can also make an appointment with a provider before deciding if that's who they want to see on an ongoing basis.

"Look for someone that will listen to you and allow you to be a part of the decision-making process," Wall said. "We at MRH would love to have you choose someone from our team, but there are multiple options in town. Most providers have a biography on their website, and this could be a good place to start."

Over a Cup of Coffee: Chocolate cake recipes

I think it's safe to say most people love chocolate cake. Valentine's Day is just around the corner, and chocolate and Valentine's Day go together, so this week's column features two chocolate cake recipes. I think these are delicious cakes.

Chocolate Mayonnaise Cake and Chocolate Icing

Cake:

• 2 cups all-purpose flour

• 1 cup granulated sugar

• 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder

• 1/2 cup unsweetened cocoa

• 1 teaspoon baking soda

• 1 cup mayonnaise

• 1 cup water

• 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Combine dry ingredients in a large bowl. Stir in mayonnaise. Add water and vanilla, and blend until smooth. Pour batter into a greased 13-by-9-inch pan or two round cake pans. Bake at 350 degrees for 40 to 45 minutes. Cool and frost.

Icing:

• 1/4 cup butter or margarine, melted

• 1/3 cup cocoa

• 1 pound powdered sugar

• Pinch of salt

• 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

• 1/3 cup milk

Combine all ingredients; mix until smooth. If the cake was baked in a 13-by-9-inch pan, cut the recipe in half.

Chocolate Fudge Cake with Icing

Cake:

• 1 cup margarine or butter

• 2 tablespoons cocoa

• 2 cups all-purpose flour

• 2 cups granulated sugar

• 2 eggs

• 1 cup water

• 1/2 cup milk

• 1 teaspoon baking soda

• 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

In a saucepan, over medium heat, bring margarine, cocoa, and water to a boil. Pour into flour and sugar. Mix well. Add eggs, milk, baking soda, and vanilla. Mix well. Bake in a 13-by-9-inch pan at 375 degrees for 25 minutes.

Icing:

• 1 cup butter or margarine

• 4 tablespoons cocoa

• 4 to 6 tablespoons milk

• 4 cups powdered sugar

• 1/2 cup chopped nuts

• 1 teaspoon vanilla

Bring margarine, cocoa, and milk to a boil. Mix in powdered sugar, nuts, and vanilla. Pour over the hot cake.

Do you have recipes to share with readers? If so, please call me at 970-824-8809 or write to me at PO Box 415, Craig, CO 81626.

From Pipi’s Pasture: Memories of January

This afternoon, a sunny, snow-covered scene here at Pipi's Pasture took me back to Januarys when my siblings and I were growing up on the ranch at Morapos. There's not a lot of snow here at Pipi's Pasture right now, but everything is white, the feedlot is packed down with the cattle's tracks, and when it's cold, we can see the cows' breath — all of which remind me of those snowy, cold winters on the ranch.

On those cold January mornings, as in Pipi's Pasture, there were morning corral chores. I don't remember if Dad did chores first, which included milking the cow, or ate breakfast first, but one thing I do remember is the hearty breakfast. We had some kind of meat (perhaps bacon or fried venison), eggs, and sometimes biscuits and gravy, Dad's favorite. After breakfast, Dad got ready to feed the main bunch of cattle.

If it was the weekend or vacation time, some or all of us kids went to feed with Dad. Most of the time, I opted to stay home and help Mom, because I have never liked the cold. Waiting in the cold for all the feeding to be finished was torturous. My feet were so cold I felt as if I were wearing wooden shoes.

Whoever went with Dad grabbed the kid sled and met him at the corral where he was hitching the team of horses to the feed sled. Before long, the horses headed for the lower pasture, where a hungry herd of cattle waited on the packed feedlot for the sled to appear. They had spent the night tucked in among the trees that grow thick along the pasture and were eager to see the horses come into view. Sometimes, the horses had to buck a lot of snow to get to the feedlot.

The first stop was the haystack, where Dad pitched loose hay onto the sled. We girls found a hill suitable for sledding, and when Dad had filled the sled with hay, he took his turn going down the hill. Then, the cows were fed, sometimes more hay was loaded for the corral, and we were ready to head home. This time, we secured the kid sled to the back of the feed sled and experienced a thrilling ride to the house. Sometimes, the kid sled hit a bump and spilled its rider(s).

Meanwhile, Mom was at home cooking dinner (that's what we called it — not lunch). It was the big meal of the day and consisted of some kind of meat (roast beef or chicken, venison steak, pork chops, among others), potatoes and gravy, a vegetable, rolls, and dessert. Supper consisted of leftovers, if there were any, or something else Mom cooked up.

After dinner, we girls did the dishes, then amused ourselves with books, games, and paper dolls, or listened to the radio — activities for staying indoors on the remainder of a cold winter day. Then, there were evening corral chores, supper, and a quiet evening of listening to the radio.

It was January at the ranch.

History in Focus: The Christian endeavor

One of the most recognizable buildings in the downtown area is the Center of Craig. Built in 1902, it was originally the First Christian Church. It is a reminder of how the early history of Craig was shaped by people of strong faith who were willing to put their religious beliefs into action and work to develop a vibrant community in our remote corner of Colorado.

Craig was founded in 1889, and organized religion soon followed. In 1891, the Rev. L.G. Thompson and 16 charter members created First Christian Church. Without a building, they met in the town hall to worship. Today, a few of these charter members are remembered on street names around town: Tucker, Breeze, Ranney, and Taylor.

By 1894, the growing congregation built a church on the northeast corner of Sixth and Yampa. The cornerstone of the new church was laid Sunday, July 16, 1893. An article in the July 21 Pantagraph covered the ceremony. The Rev. Teagarden, "delivered a ringing speech, pointing forth the merits of the Good Book and the benefits to be derived from leading a Christian life."

For the next seven years, First Christian opened its doors to all, but on the bitterly cold night of Feb. 14, 1901, disaster struck. According to old news articles and church histories, temperatures dipped below minus 20 degrees F, and it appears a chimney fire from the overworked furnace ignited the wood rafters.

About 5 a.m., a Mrs. Humphrey, who lived only 30 feet away, was awakened by the bright glow of the burning church shining through her bedroom window. She alerted her family and sounded the alarm. A bucket brigade was formed in the early morning cold, but the church quickly burned to the ground, and only the bell was saved.

In an Incredible feat of determination and faith under the guidance of Pastor J.L. Ellis, a brand new church was constructed in the same location almost exactly one year after the fire. At the dedication in November 1902, three ceremonies were held: one in the morning, one in the afternoon, and a third in the evening. There was no excuse to miss the celebration of the rebirth of the church.

Through the next eight decades, the church was the hub of an active faith community. This history is highlighted in the 1977 church directory written by Lois Norman, former church secretary. In particular, there are details of the women's society and its 75 years of of dedicated service. Formed in 1897, it is the oldest active community organization in Craig.

The women held bazaars, bought war bonds during World War II, raised money for missions work, purchased items for the parsonage, taught Sunday School, and provided clothing and money to the needy. In short, faith energized members of the church to be involved in the local community.

After several additions to the church through the decades, it was clear by the late 1980s the venerable building was outdated. A committee was formed, and after considering several properties, First Christian purchased property owned the by the family of Cullie Walsh on West Victory Way, next to Pizza Hut. Groundbreaking ceremonies were held May 5, 1991, and its first service was held Aug. 30, 1992.

However, the fate of the iconic old church building hung in the balance. Fortunately, it was purchased by the city of Craig and added to the Colorado State Historical Registry. Various old additions were stripped away, the insides were renovated, and the church was resurrected as the Center of Craig.

Today, the spirit of the original congregants is still alive as the Center of Craig plays host to parties, art shows, weddings, graduations, and public gatherings of all sorts.

Thanks to Dan Davidson and Museum of Northwest Colorado for access to the museum archives. Email James Neton at netonjim@yahoo.com.