The numbers are in regarding crops for the 2008 year. The United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Services released the Annual Crop Survey on Jan. 12.
In the summary, acreage and production of 2008 crops are compared with revisions of 2007 crops (as a result of the 2007 Census of Agriculture).
This story focuses on three grains: wheat, oats and barley.
The final 2008 all wheat production for Colorado, at 59.7 million bushels, was down 36 percent from the production attained from the previous year. All U.S. wheat production totals came to 2.5 billion bushels in 2008 and 22 percent from 2007.
The U.S. wheat grain area planted was 55.7 million acres, up 9 percent from last year. The U.S. yield was 44.9 bushels per acre, up 4.7 bushels from last year. In the U.S., the levels of production and changes from last year by type are: winter wheat, 1.87 billion bushels (up 25 percent); other spring wheat, 547 million bushels (up 14 percent); and Durum wheat, 84.9 million bushels (up 18 percent).
In Colorado, winter wheat production was estimated at 57 million bushels, 38 percent of last year's above average crop. The area harvested for grain was estimated at 1.9 million acres, down from 2.4 million acres harvested last year. The area seeded in the fall for this year's crop was estimated at 2.4 million acres.
This year's Colorado spring wheat crop was estimated at 2.7 million bushels, up 103 percent from last year's crop, and the acreage yield of 75 bushels per acre was five bushels above last year.
The area harvested for spring wheat in Colorado was estimated at 36,000 acres from 40,000 seeded, up from 19,000 harvested in 2007.
In the U.S., winter wheat production was estimated at 1.87 billion bushels, up 25 percent from last year. The U.S. yield is 47.2 bushels per acre, up 5.5 bushels from last year's final yield. The U.S. area harvested for winter wheat was estimated at 39.6 million acres, up 10 percent from the previous year.
Spring wheat production for the U.S. was estimated at 547 million bushels, up 14 percent from last year. The harvested area was 13.5 million acres, up 4 percent from 2007. The U.S. yield was 40.5 bushels per acre, up 3.4 bushels from last year.
Colorado's barley production in 2008 was estimated at 8.64 million bushels, up 24 percent from a year ago. The average yield per acre, at 120 bushels, was equal to the yield attained last year. The area harvested for barley was estimated at 72,000 acres, up from 58,000 acres in 2007.
Barley production in the U.S. was estimated at 239 million bushels, 14 percent above 2007. Average yield per acre was 63.6 bushels, up 3.6 bushels from last year. The area harvested for barley was estimated at 3.77 million acres, 8 percent above a year ago.
Production in Colorado oats in 2008 was 490,000 bushels, 11 percent below last year. Average yield was placed at 70 bushels per acre, up 15 bushels above last year's crop. The area harvested was seven acres, 3,000 acres fewer than compared to 2007.
In the U.S., oat production was estimated at a record low of 88.6 million bushels, down 2 percent from last year. The estimated yield is 63.5 bushels per acre, up 3.4 bushels from the previous year. Area planted in oats was estimated at a record low of 3.22 million acres, down 15 percent from 2007.
Harvested area for oats, at 1.40 million acres, is 7 percent below last year. This is the smallest acreage harvested for the grain on record, continuing a steady downward trend.
According to Cheryl Martin, program technician for Farm Service Agency in Craig, the following represent reported acreage planted to grains in Moffat County for 2008: wheat, 8,797.3 acres; oats, 47 acres; and barley, no acres. Statistics for other Northwestern Colorado counties were not available.
In 2007, numbers of acres planted to grains were reported for Moffat, Routt and Rio Blanco counties. According to C.J. Mucklow, ag agent for Routt County, acres reported for wheat were: Moffat County, 9,000 acres; Routt County, 2,900 acres; and Rio Blanco, no acres. For oats, Moffat County reported 700 acres, but Routt and Rio Blanco Counties reported none. All northwestern and intermountain counties reported a total of 500 acres of oats.